ANANTAPURAMU DISTRICT PROFILE


Anantapuramu District falls in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, India. It is bounded by Karnataka to the West, Kadapa district to the East, Chittoor district to the South and Kurnool district to its North. Area which comes under Anantapuramu district was once a crucial part of the Vijayanagara Empire. After the fall of the Vijayanagara rulers. British India took control.

Anantapuramu District, was formed in the year 1882 having been separated from Bellary district. Later on it was expanded with the addition of Revenue Mandals of Kadiri, Mudigubba, Nallamada, N.P. Kunta, Talupula, Nallacheruvu, O D Cheruvu, Tanakal, Amadagur and Gandlapenta from Cuddapah district in the year 1910. During the year 1956, the present Revenue Mandals of Rayadurg, D.Hirehal, Kanekal, Bommanahal and Gummagatta of Bellary District were added to Anantapuramu District.

The District has been divided into 5 revenue divisions consisting of 63 Revenue Mandals (Anantapuramu Division 19, Dharmavaram Division 8, Kadiri Division 12, Kalyandurg Division 11 and Penukonda Division 13). The District has 10 towns and 929 inhabited villages out of 964 revenue villages. There are 3360 hamlets indicating an average of 3 hamlets for each Revenue village. All the villages are covered under 1003 panchayats.

WORKING AREA


SRI works in 100 villages from 63 mandals of Anantapuramu District. Responding to the needs of the rural communities. SRI moved towards the integrated approach and carried out many development programmes in the rural areas that includes, Health, Education, Rural Development and Women's Development. The focus of the organization has always been centre on Maternal and New born’s health, Child health and Nutrition and Prevention of Violence against Women. SRI is working to improve the socio economic, education and health status of rural communities.
Our approach is two pronged strategy we recognize that in order to improve health standards our initiatives need to simultaneously done at Urban as well as rural. Every year we move one step closer to our vision of restoring health hope, dignity and dream of poor.

GEOGRAPHY


Anantapuramu District lies between 13’-40’ and 15’-15’ Northern Latitude and 76’-50’ and 78’-30’ Eastern Longitude. It is bounded by Bellary, Kurnool District on the North, Kadapa and Kolar District of Karnataka on South East and North respectively. The District is roughly oblong in shape, the longer side running north to South with a portion of Chitradurg District of Karnataka State intruding into it from west between Kundurpi and Amarapuram Mandals.

RAINFALL AND CLIMATE


The District has a fairly good elevation which provides the District tolerable climate throughout the year. The maximum elevation is of about 1100 feet at Anantapuramu and the lowest of 900 feet is at Tadpatri. The district is situated in the rain shadow region of the Mysore plateau. The rain fall is highly erratic. The normal rainfall of the district is 552.00 mm, the least rainfall when compared to Rayalaseema and other parts of Andhra Pradesh. The normal rainfall from South West Monsoon is 338.4 mm which forms about 61.2 % of the total rainfall for the year. Thus, the failure of South West monsoon will lead to drought. The rainfall from North East monsoon (October to December) is 156.0 mm only, which form 28.3% of the total rainfall for the year. The other months are almost dry. The mean maximum and minimum temperature of the district are 43.00 C (April) and 15.00C (December) respectively. The altitude varies from 990 above MSL in Madakasira taluk.

SOILS


The soils in the District are predominantly red except Kanekal, Bommanahal, Vidapanakal, Uravakonda, Vajrakarur, Guntakal, Gooty, Pamidi, Peddavadugur, Yadiki, Tadpatri, Yellanur, Peddapappur and Putlur. In these Mandals red and black soils occur in equal proportion. Red and black soils occur in 76% and 24% of the area. The soils are shallow poor in nutrients with high water absorption capacity. 30% of lands are saline and alkaline especially under tank ayacuts and river banks.

RIVERS


The District is not endowed with perennial rivers. The important river in the District is Pennar River. Jayamangala, Chitravathi, Vedavathi, and Hagari rivers flow during the rainy season, and benefit the seasonal requirements of the farmers on river banks. Apart from these rivers streams like KUSHAVATHI IN Chilamathur Mandal Swarnamukhi in Madakasira, Tadakaleru and Pandameru in Anantapuramu block, Maddileru in Kadiri block, Papagni in Tanakal mandal are the important water supply sources to various large and medium irrigation tanks in the district.

NATURAL RESOURCES


Anantapuramu District is rich in mineral resources and is well known for Gold and Diamond deposits. The main mineral Deposits are Lime Stone, Barytes, Dolomite, Iron Ore, Corundum, Steatite, White Shale Serpentine and Green Quartz, Black, Pink and multi-colored granites are also available in the District. Tadipatri area is rich in cement grade limestone deposits.

AGRICULTURE


CROPPING PATTERN:
Dry land farming continues to be the mainstay of the people of the District. Anantapuramu District has largest gross cropped area in the state (10 lakh hectares). About 85% of the cropped area is rainfed. Gross cropped area accounts for 52.3% of the total geographical area of the District. Groundnut crop has a significant place in the district contributing for 73% of the cropped area, and the other major crops raised in the District are Jowar, Paddy, Cotton, Sunflower, Bengalgram and Red gram.

INDUSTRIES


The district is industrially backward with the lowest number of workers employed in registered factories. The industrial development is concentrated in urban areas. The District Industries Centre has been functioning since 1978. There are 9 industrial estates including Industrial Development Area at Hindupur besides at Anantapuramu, Tadipatri, Sajjaladinne, Kadri, Guntakal, Gooty and Hindupur, Penukonda, Sadlapalli. There are 4 mini industrial estates for Schedule Caste people.

POWER


The domestic and industrial power requirement of the district is drawn from Tungabadra Hydel Project at Hospet. Integrated power grid is established at Gooty connecting Nagarjunasagar, Kothagudem and Tungabadra. All the revenue villages in the district have been electrified and 3360 hamlets were electrified. 1,97,864 Agricultural, 7726 industrial, 82067 Commercial service connections, 916654 domestic connections, a total of 12,04,311 connections were provided by the Electrical department. Power supply position in the district is satisfactory after bifurcation of state. At present no restriction of power domestic and industrial sectors in the district.

TRANSPORT


Anantapuramu district has 10702 Kms of road and 309 kms of railway line. The district is linked with Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore and also Hyderabad by railway. Guntakal is one of the biggest railway junctions in the country. There are 39 railway stations in broad gauge. A.P. State Road Transport Corporation provides commuting facilities in the district with a fleet of buses. The district has also got an airport at Puttaparthy.

COMMUNICATION


There are 942 post offices, and 147 telephone exchanges. Number` of cities in the country are connected through STD, FAX and internet facilities. Anantapuramu town is provided with a TV relay station with 75 kms radius of operation and TV relay stations are also working at Hindupur and Guntakal and a FM radio station is situated at Anantapuramu.

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS


There are 34 Financial Institutions in the district comprising 31 Commercial Banks, One Grameen Bank, One Cooperative Bank and State Finance Corporation. The district is having 284 commercial bank branches, 106 Regional Rural Bank branches of Andhra Pragathi Grameena Bank and 28 branches of Anantapuramu District Cooperative central Bank Ltd., with 98 primary agricultural cooperative societies and one Branch of AP State Financial corporation. 42.48% of bank branches are in rural and 27.20% are in semi urban and 30.31% urban areas.

PLACES OF TOURISM


Lepakshi of Hindupur area is popular for its Veerabhadra Temple and the huge stone Nandi. The temple is a treasure of sculpture and architecture. Lakhs of pilgrims visit the place for Shivaratri.
Pennahobilam is famous for its temple of Sri Lakshmi Narasimha Swamy. The temple of Lakshmi the lord’s consort is situated by the side of main shrine. There is a spring channel in the temple known as Bugga Koneru.
Puttaparthy situated on the banks of Chitravathi is in Penukonda Division, which is universally famous with the abode of Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Super Specialty Hospital is also located with free treatment given to one and all and is famous all over the world.
Penakacherla Dam is also a sightseeing place. Kadiri, Kasapuram, Alurukona and Gutibayalu, Gorantla. Hemavathi are also of important tourist attractions because of the temples situated in these areas.
Thimmamma Marri Manu has become an important tourist center, which is near Kadiri town, and it is recorded in the Guinness Book of records as the oldest and largest tree in the world. Gugudu village in Narpala Mandal is known for its Moharram festival.

HILLS


The forests in the District are thin and scanty. The Muchukota hills in length run from North of Gooty town up to extreme Southern corner of Tadipatri, Yadiki mandals. Another line of hills starts from west of Gooty mandal called Nagasamudram hills runs about 80 kms. The Mallappa Konda range begins at Dharmavaram and runs into Karnataka State. The Penukonda range starts in the South of Dharmavaram through Penukonda and Hindupur proceeds to Karnataka state in Madakasira the hill divides Rolla and Agali mandals in to Southern and Northern portions. There are numerous isolated peaks and rocky clusters, which are devoid of any vegetation. The height of some of these hill ranges are given below.

EDUCATION AND UNEMPLOYMENT


The District is provided with 3 universities viz, Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapuramu and Sri Sathya Sai University at Puttaparthy. There are 13 Engineering Colleges, 1 Medical College, 2 Pharmacy Colleges, 3 Polytechnic Colleges, 53 Degree Colleges, 46 Junior Colleges, 961 High Schools, 950 Upper Primary Schools, 3203 Primary Schools and 6 Industrial Training Institutions. Oil Technological Research Institute only one of its type in the South and Dry Land Agriculture Research Stations are situated at Anantapuramu. Further there are 4 schools for physically.

ADMINISTRATIVE DIVISIONS

*Anantapuramu DISTRICT FIVE REVENUE DIVISIONS LIST*

S.NO

Anantapuramu Division

Dharmavaram Division

Kadiri Division

Kalyandurg Division

Penukonda Division

1

Anantapuramu

Bathalapalle

Amadagur

Beluguppa

Agali

2

Atmakur

Chenne Kothapalle

Bukkapatnam

Bommanahal

Amarapuram

3

Bukkarayasamudram

Dharmavaram

Gandlapenta

Brahmasamudram

Chilamathur

4

Garladinne

Kanaganapalle

Kadiri

D.Hirehal

Gorantla

5

Gooty

Mudigubba

Kothacheruvu

Gummagatta

Gudibanda

6

Guntakal

Ramagiri

Nallacheruvu

Kalyandurg

Hindupur

7

Kudair

Raptadu

Nallamada

Kambadur

Lepakshi

8

Narpala

Tadimarri

Nambulapulakunta

Kanekal

Madakasira

9

Pamidi

 

Obuladevaracheruvu

Kundurpi

Parigi

10

Peddapappur

 

Puttaparthi

Rayadurg

Penu Konda

11

Peddavadugur

 

Talupula

Settur

Roddam

12

Putlur

 

Tanakal

 

Rolla

13

Singanamala

 

 

 

Somandepalle

14

Tadpatri

 

 

 

 

15

Uravakonda

 

 

 

 

16

Vajrakarur

 

 

 

 

17

Vidapanakal

 

 

 

 

18

Yadiki

 

 

 

 

19

Yellanur

 

 

 

 




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